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Exporting to PDF. Embedding vs Outlining fonts

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apastuszak:
When exporting to PDF, what is the better option, to embed the font or outline the font?  Can a subset of the font be embedded?  Are there legal issues with embedding fonts and then distributing the PDFs?

utnik:
hi apastuszak


--- Quote from: apastuszak on July 03, 2014, 05:33:01 pm ---… what is the better option, to embed the font or outline the font?
--- End quote ---

usually embedding is the better one – but there are some exceptions:

* .pdf files for a plotter
* embedding restrictions in the user license of the font
* special effects and manipulations on the characters
--- Quote ---can a subset of the font be embedded?
--- End quote ---

yes – this makes sense for fonts with a large character set.


--- Quote ---Are there legal issues with embedding fonts and then distributing the PDFs?
--- End quote ---

see above!

utnik

apastuszak:
Is there any loss of quality or change in the appearance of the fontwhen you outline instead of embed?

Does outlining get around font licensing requirements?

utnik:

--- Quote from: apastuszak on July 03, 2014, 11:10:24 pm ---Is there any loss of quality or change in the appearance of the fontwhen you outline instead of embed?
--- End quote ---

unfortunately in scribus there are two different things called 'outline':

* 'item' → 'convert to' → 'outlines' – this really generates independent path objects (real outlines). the characters may render a little bit different in low resolution environements (like screens). with tiny characters/slim lines this difference can be visible.
* in the .pdf export window ('file' → 'export' → 'save as pdf' → 'fonts' → 'fonts to outline') – this creates a so called 'type 3 font' with a character subset from the original font file. with this option, there should be no difference to te fully embedded font.
--- Quote ---Does outlining get around font licensing requirements?
--- End quote ---

yes – in some cases. for this you have to check the licensing terms of the font file.

utnik

Nermander:
I also think that outlining a font removes hinting information, which means the quality in low resolutions suffer. For print (which would be considered high resolution) the difference will probably not be noticeable, but for viewing on screen it might look worse.

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